The term "Celluloid Indians" is taken from the book by Jacquelyn Kilpatrick, Celluloid Indians - Native Americans and Film, University of Nebraska Press, 1999 which is highly recommended to anyone interested in this subject.
From the University of Nebraska Press website:
Preserved by the Library of Congress.
Director: James Young Deer
Audio/Visual: silent, black & white
White Fawn's Devotion is the earliest surviving film directed by a Native American, and also the first film shot in America by the French company Pathé. In 2008, it was added to the United States National Film Registry as being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
James Young Deer (also known as J. Younger Johnston), the uncredited director and writer of White Fawn's Devotion, was the first documented Native American film director. A member of the Winnebago tribe, Young Deer was hired by Pathé Frères as a director and scenario writer, and frequently worked in collaboration with his wife, Princess Red Wing (also known as Lillian St. Cyr). Out of the more than 100 films he made, White Fawn's Devotion is one of fewer than 10 films of Young Deer's to have survived.
(Divx as multi-part rar-file):
PART 1 (95 MB)
PART 2 (23 MB)
More info on
James Young Deer
and Princess Red Wing:
"It is believed that Red Wing inspired the song, Red Wing -- words by Thurland Chattaway, music by Kerry Mills--copyrighted in 1907. Now in the public domain, the song has achieved a folk song-like status and has several variations."
(most notably Woody Guthrie's Union Maid)
DOWNLOAD ERNEST THOMPSON'S 1924 RECORDING
(4.7 MB FLAC)
VBR mp3 (2.8 MB)